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What is Animal Health and Production?

The program involves studies in the control of animal diseases and the promotion and protection of animal health. The acquired skills are essential components of any effective animal breeding and production program.


Why Study Animal Health and Production?

Animals are key pillars of food security, socio-economic development, and industrialization. As a result, there is a need for the production of trained, knowledgeable, and technologically equipped manpower in the field of Animal Health and Production of various species of domestic and wild animals to enhance achievements of the aforesaid pillars. This program fosters the physical and intellectual development of ably and highly trained manpower equipped with the necessary innovative ideas, principles, skills, and techniques that will enable them to contribute to the development of the animal health industry, diversify the production systems and add value to the livestock products for industrialization, self-reliance, and actualization of the citizenly.


Career prospects

Immediately after graduation, the Animal Health and Production graduates proceed for a paid mandatory internship program (one year) that is facilitated by the Directorate of Veterinary Services (DVS) and the Kenya Veterinary Board (KVB). Thereafter, graduates are released into the market to participate in the improvement of animal health and productivity through enhancing the efficiency of the production systems of various livestock species, value addition of livestock products, and commercialization of animals and animal products. The graduates can also work in veterinary and biomedical research institutions, pharmaceutical companies and agrovets, Public Service at National and County Government levels, academia, and none-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) specializing in animal health activities. They can also work as entrepreneurs providing animal production and/or animal health-related products and services

Why study Animal Health and Production at Meru University of Science and Technology (MUST)?

MUST is accredited to offer this program by both the Kenya Veterinary Board (KVB) and the Commission for University Education (CUE). MUST provides a serene learning environment in the agriculture rich area of Meru, modern learning facilities, and a dedicated team of qualified Staff. The University’s Main Campus at Nchiru  is established on over 600 acres of land which is available for livestock production activities and is therefore suitable for training Animal health and Production students


A candidate wishing to be admitted to the Department of Animal Sciences in the School of Agriculture and Food Sciences (SAFs) of MUST for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Animal Health and Production must meet the minimum entry requirements of the University, the school regulations and departmental requirements for the program. The minimum entry requirements set by MUST will be guided by the requirements given by the regulator, Kenya Veterinary Board (KVB), and the Commission for University Education for admission of candidates to pursue a Bachelor of Science in animal health disciplines. A candidate wishing to be admitted to pursue a Bachelor of Science in Animal Health and Production at MUST shall have the following mandatory qualifications;

  • Obtain a minimum mean grade of C+ (Plus) in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE).
  • Should have a minimum grade of C+ (plus) in each of the following subjects; Biology or biological sciences and any one of the following: Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, or physical sciences.
  • Two Principals and one Subsidiary pass at KACE level or equivalent, one of which must be in Biology and any other science subject.
  • Candidates who are admitted under government sponsorship will have their admission cut-off points fixed by the admitting body for each admission year.
  • Have a C plain in KCSE and at least a credit pass in Diploma in animal health, animal production, animal science, agriculture, biology, or equivalent and related disciplines from an institution recognized by MUST and Kenya Veterinary Board (KVB).
  • A minimum of a C- in KCSE with at least a Credit pass in both Certificate and Diploma in Animal Health/ Agriculture/Medical Laboratory Technology from an institution approved by KVB and MUST.
  • A degree in Biological Sciences from institutions approved by the K.V.B and MUST
  • Other equivalent qualifications recognized by Meru University of Science and Technology.


KSCE Subject Groupings
Group I (compulsory) Group II (Science Subjects) Group III (Humanity Subjects) Group IV (Technical Subjects) Group V (humanity/Art Subjects)
Mathematics A*
Mathematics B#
General Science
History and government
Christian Religious Education
Islamic Religious Education
Hindu Religious Education
Home Science
Art and design
Building construction
Power mechanics
Drawing and design
Aviation technology
Computer studies
Kenya Sign Language
Business studies
*Mathematics A is for students who intend to pursue Science programs that require strong mathematical skills
#Mathematics B is for students who intend to pursue Arts, Humanities and Social science programs that do not require core mathematical skills

What Will I Study?


  Year 1
  Semester 1
 Code Course Title
AAP 3101 Gross Anatomy I
AAP 3103 Animal Physiology I
SZV 3100 Principles of Biology
UCU 3101 Development Studies and Social ethics
UCU 3102 Communication skills
BEC 3100 Introduction to Economics
  Semester 2
AAP 3151 Embryology
AAP 3152 Principles of Animal Nutrition
AAP 3153 Histology
AAP 3154 Gross Anatomy II
AAP 3155 Animal Physiology II
AAP 3156 Pastures and Fodder Production
SMF 3164 Biostatistics
AAA 3154 Ecology, Environmental Physiology and Management


  Year 2
  Semester 1
 Code Course Title
AAP 3202 Principles of Range Management Science
AAP 3203 Parasitology I
AAP 3205 Bacteriology and Mycology I
AAP 3206 Pasture and fodder conservation
AAP 3208 Reproductive physiology and Disorders
SHV 3200 Biochemistry
SBT 3250 General Genetics
SZA 3200 Cell Biology
CIT 3117 Introduction to Computers and Applications
  Semester 2
AAP 3251 Immunology
AAP 3252 General Pathology I
AAP 3253 Animal feeds and feeding
AAP 3254 Quantitative Genetics and Animal Breeding
AAP 3255 Bacteriology and Mycology II
AAP 3256 Parasitology II
AAP 3259 Animal Health Applied Skills I
SHV 3250 Animal Metabolism and Enzymology
AAP 3260 Internal Attachment (8 weeks)


  Year 3
  Semester 1
 Code Course Title
AAP 3300 Pig and Rabbit production systems
AAP 3301 Pharmacology and Toxicology I
AAP 3303 Animal Health Applied Skill II
AAP 3304 Bacterial and fungal Diseases I
AAP 3305 Virology
AAP 3306 General Pathology II
AAP 3307 Dairy and Beef  Production Systems
EMT 3307 Introduction to Agricultural structures, Farm Power and Machinery
AAB 3325 Agribusiness Management
  Semester 2
AAP3350 Biotechnology in Animal Production
AAP 3351 Pharmacology and Toxicology II
AAP 3352 Research Methods
AAP 3354 Sheep and Goat Production Systems
AAP 3355 Animal Metabolic disorders
AAP 3356 Clinical Pathology
AAP 3357 Bacterial and fungal diseases II
AAP 3360 Public Health
AAP 3361 Field/Industrial Attachment(8 Weeks)


  Year 4
  Semester 1
 Code Course Title
AAP 3400 Viral Diseases
AAP 3401 Equine Camel and Game production Systems
AAP 3402 Animal Nutritional Disorders
AAP 3403 Poultry  and Emerging Farm Animals Production Systems
AAP 3404 Research Project and Seminar I
AAP 3405 Rickettsia and Parasitic Diseases
AAP 3406 Field Training
AAP 3407 Apiculture and Aquaculture
AAE 3400 Rural Sociology and Development
  Semester 2
AAP 3450 Research project and Seminar II
AAP 3451 Zoonosis and One Health Concept
AAP 3452 Epidemiology
AAP 3453 Herd Health
AAP 3454 Animal welfare, ethics and law
BBS 3451 Entrepreneurship Skills
AAE 3452 Agricultural Extension