SCS3111: INORGANIC AND PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY [45 LH]
PURPOSE OF THE COURSE
To impart knowledge to the learners on inorganic and physical chemistry and create an understanding on the role of chemistry in everyday life and apply it in agricultural sciences.
EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES
By the end of the course the learner should be able to:-
- Calculate simple changes in simple reactions and describe atomic spectra and explain its relation to electronic arrangement.
- Describe radioactivity and nuclear reactions in relation to agriculture.
- Carry out calculations on pressure –volume, pressure-temperature, volume-temperature relationship and explain the difference between real and ideal gas.
- State, explain and calculate pH, pK, degree of dissociation of acid/base solution, buffers.
- Define and explain electrode potential and calculate E-cell and apply electrode potential information in protecting environmental from pollution.
Chemical bonding and Intermolecular forces. Colloids. Cation and anion exchange. Born Haber cycle and Hess’s Law. Nuclear chemistry: Elementary radioactive particles, transmutation, fission and fusion. Application of radioactivity in plant sciences. Entropy and Gibb’s free energy. Thermo-chemistry. Chemical equilibria. The law of mass action. Le Chatelier’s principle. Acid-base concepts: Weak /strong acids and bases; titration curves. Solubility, solubility product and common ion effect. pH, pOH and pKa’s. Hydrolysis. Buffer solutions. Theory of indicators. Physical equilibria between solutions and gaseous solutes. Raoult’s law. Chemical kinetics. Electrochemistry: electrolysis, Faraday’s Law and ion concentration.